Under global rankings, Australia ranks thirteenth in the field of education. Boasting of an extensive sector consisting of both the public and private sectors, education in Australia falls mainly under the jurisdiction of the federal and state governments – both the public and private sectors are backed up by funding provided by the government. The compulsory age of education in Australia varies from state to state: it usually starts from five and ends at fifteen, sixteen or seventeen based on the legislations of the particular state.
Unlike most other countries, education in Australia is not divided into the three usual major subdivisions – the primary, the secondary and the tertiary. Instead, Australian education usually does not differentiate between the primary and secondary education most of the time, with states being ambiguous on the presence of a middle school or secondary educational level. In Australia, the primary institutes teach students aged five to thirteen, and from then onwards, students are placed in high schools until the age of, usually, eighteen. The recently developed Australian National Curriculum (i.e. it was developed back in 2012 and enforced the subsequent year, in 2013) is responsible for the curriculum of schools from foundation, or the kindergartens, until the end of high school.
Schools in Australia, as has been mentioned before, are owned by both the government and the private sector; nonetheless, both government and private schools Sunshine Coast receive subsidies from the government regardless of their type. Government schools are entirely state-funded and are free to be attended by the Australian citizens, as well as other permanent residents. Despite the fact that these do not charge attendance fees, expenses for necessaries such as textbooks and the like are not covered by the government.
Under the private sector are two types of schools, the independent and the Christian colleges. The difference between the two in is that the latter has religious affiliations – they usually are affiliated to the local parishes or churches – whereas the former has no such clear cut religious affiliations. Schools under the private sector charge attendance fees, which can vary based on the prestige of the school and even reach two thousand dollars per term! Go right here to find out more details regarding Christian Colleges.
The successfulness of the field of education in Australia is rendered obvious by a number of factors. Not only is the literacy rate in the country at ninety-nine percent for both sexes, but many of its educational institutions at the tertiary level are often listed amongst the best universities and colleges in global rankings. It is therefore obvious that education in Australia is by no means a sector which is undeveloped – but the very opposite, to be correct.